Depression is taken over our generation with an increasing number, of suicide reports on a daily basis despite the increase on social interactions through various means such as facebook, twitter, whatsapp, manychat, linkin and the likes of others.
It has been reported that in Nigeria alone on a yearly basis, the ratio of depressed persons is 1.5 million, and globally, more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from depression. Women are the most affected with depression than men.
What is depression?
Depression can be seen to be a mental health disorder characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life.
Or we can say depression is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you act. Fortunately, they are effective psychological and pharmacological treatments for depression. Depression can cause feelings of sadness or loss of interest in activities once enjoyed…feeling sad or having a depressed mood, which will be treated extensively on this post.
Causes of depression
This are some of the causes of depression as outline by webmd.com
Past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can increase the vulnerability to clinical depression later in life.
Some drugs, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), the antiviral drug interferon-alpha, and corticosteroids, can increase your risk of depression.
Depression in someone who has the biological vulnerability to develop, may result from personal conflicts or disputes with family members or friends.
Death or a loss. Sadness or grief from the death or loss of a loved one, though natural, may increase the risk of depression.
A family history of depression may increase the risk. It’s thought that depression is a complex trait, meaning that there are probably many different genes that each exert small effects, rather than a single gene that contributes to disease risk. The genetics of depression, like most psychiatric disorders, are not as simple or straightforward as in purely genetic diseases such as Huntington’s chorea or cystic fibrosis.
Even good events such as starting a new job, graduating, or getting married can lead to depression. So can moving, losing a job or income, getting divorced, or retiring. However, the syndrome of clinical depression is never just a “normal” response to stressful life events.ses of depression
Sometimes depression co-exists with a major illness or may be triggered by another medical condition.
Nearly 30% of people with substance abuse problems also have major or clinical depression. Even if drugs or alcohol temporarily make you feel better, they ultimately will aggravate depression.
Types, and symptoms
We will look into three type of depression before diving into the symptoms.
Type one-Recurrent depressive disorder: this disorder involves repeated depressive episodes. During these episodes, the person experiences depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy leading to diminished activity for at least two weeks. Many people with depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms, disturbed sleep and appetite and may have feelings of guilt or low self-worth, poor concentration and even medically unexplained symptoms.
An individual with a mild depressive episode will have some difficulty in continuing with ordinary work and social activities, but will probably not cease to function completely. During a sever depressive episode, it is very unlikely that the sufferer will be able to continue with social, work, or domestic activities activities, except to a very limited extent.
Type two-Bipolar affective disorder: this type of depression typically consists of both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood. Manic episodes involve elevated or irritable mood, over-activity, pressure of speech, inflated self-esteem and a decreased need for sleep.
Types three-clinical depression: clinical depression is said to be described as a feeling of long term sadness and lack of energy that does not go away without medical intervention and leaves the sufferer potentially overwhelmed with feelings of hopelessness. Recordes has shown that around 10% of American adults suffer from the disease, and women are statistically twice as likely to develop it. For people suffering from extreme clinical depression, it can be difficult to perform daily tasks, having a profoundly negative effect on everyday life. Clinical depression symptoms (menopausenow.com). include loss of energy and feelings of worthlessness.
The feeling of sadness or a lack of interest that characterizes major depression can result into many behavioral and physical symptoms which can include the following: early awakening, excess sleepiness, insomnia, or restlessness in your sleep
- Weight: what depicts a state of good wellbeing?
- Mood: anxiety, general discontent, guilt, hopelessness, apathy, mood swings, pleasure in activities, loss of interest or sadness.
- Behavioral: social isolation, agitation, excessive crying, or irritability.
- Cognitive: lack of concentration, slowness in activity, and thoughts of suicide has been associated with depression.
- Low self esteem: lack of confidences in once action.
This are medications that alter the chemical balance in the brain in order to deal with the biological depression itself, rather than with its psychosocial causes. There are many different types of antidepressants, and they should only be taken after consultation with a doctor. And this kind of treatments are only prescribed only when depression is moderate or sever. But they are possible side effects.
There is no magic diet that fixes depression. It’s a good idea to watch what you eat, though. If depression tends to make you overeat, getting in control of your eating will help you feel better.
Although nothing is definitive, Cook says there’s evidence that foods with omega-3 fatty acids (such as salmon and tuna) and folic acid (such as spinach and avocado) could help ease depression.
These drugs — such as imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), amitriptyline, doxepin, trimipramine (Surmontil), desipramine (Norpramin) and protriptyline (Vivactil) — can be very effective, but tend to cause more-severe side effects than newer antidepressants. So tricyclics generally aren’t prescribed unless you’ve tried an SSRI first without improvement.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs):.
MAOIs — such as tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil) and isocarboxazid (Marplan) — may be prescribed, typically when other drugs haven’t worked, because they can have serious side effects. Using MAOIs requires a strict diet because of dangerous (or even deadly) interactions with foods ― such as certain cheeses, pickles and wines ― and some medications and herbal supplements. Selegiline (Emsam), a newer MAOI that sticks on the skin as a patch, may cause fewer side effects than other MAOIs do. These medications can’t be combined with SSRIs.
This can be very helpful to the depressed persons, if he or she endeavor to exercise his/her self every day, it can be a great way of fighting depression.
Speak out to someone:
Yes!!!! This happens to be my best recommendation for the treatment of depression. Just as a popular saying goes that, a problem shared is a problem halved solved. Normally advice that a depressed parson should never be left alone, as this might lead to them hurting their self or even taking their lifes. and if you’re out they suffering from depression, in one way or the other, I want to give a shout out to you, that you’re not alone, yes!!! Someone out they has fought it and won, so why can’t you? Nothing is good enough to give you a reason for taking your life, and no situation is bad enough that they exist no more lights at the end of a tunnel.
Get in a routine:
If you’re depressed, you need a routine, says Ian Cook, MD. He’s a psychiatrist and director of the Depression Research and Clinic Program at UCLA.
Depression can strip away the structure from your life. One day melts into the next. Setting a gentle daily schedule can help you get back on track.
Other medications may be added to an antidepressant to enhance antidepressant effects. Your doctor may recommend combining two antidepressants or adding medications such as mood stabilizers or antipsychotics. Anti-anxiety and stimulant medications also may be added for short-term use.
Finding the right medication
If a family member has responded well to an antidepressant, it may be one that could help you. Or you may need to try several medications or a combination of medications before you find one that works. This requires patience, as some medications need several weeks or longer to take full effect and for side effects to ease as your body adjusts.
Inherited traits play a role in how antidepressants affect you. In some cases, where available, results of genetic tests (done by a blood test or cheek swab) may offer clues about how your body may respond to a particular antidepressant. However, other variables besides genetics can affect your response to medication.
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